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сервис_prometheus [2021/04/19 16:41]
val [prometheus-blackbox-exporter]
сервис_prometheus [2022/03/10 16:04]
val [prometheus-alertmanager]
Line 5: Line 5:
   * [[https://​www.shellhacks.com/​ru/​prometheus-delete-time-series-metrics/​|Prometheus:​ Удаление Метрик Временных Рядов]]   * [[https://​www.shellhacks.com/​ru/​prometheus-delete-time-series-metrics/​|Prometheus:​ Удаление Метрик Временных Рядов]]
  
-===== Установка в Debian ​10 ===== +===== Установка в Debian/​Ubuntu ​=====
- +
-  * [[Сервис MTA#​Установка и настройка MTA на обработку почты домена hostname]]+
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
 # apt install prometheus # apt install prometheus
 +
 +# less /​etc/​prometheus/​prometheus.yml
 +</​code><​code>​
 +...
 +global:
 +  scrape_interval: ​    15s
 +...
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
Line 24: Line 29:
  
   * [[http://​server.corpX.un:​9090/​targets]]   * [[http://​server.corpX.un:​9090/​targets]]
 +  * [[http://​server:​9090/​classic/​targets]]
   * [[http://​192.168.X.10:​9090/​metrics]]   * [[http://​192.168.X.10:​9090/​metrics]]
   * [[http://​10.5.N.100+X:​9090/​graph]]   * [[http://​10.5.N.100+X:​9090/​graph]]
Line 36: Line 42:
   * [[https://​www.digitalocean.com/​community/​tutorials/​how-to-use-alertmanager-and-blackbox-exporter-to-monitor-your-web-server-on-ubuntu-16-04|How To Use Alertmanager And Blackbox Exporter To Monitor Your Web Server On Ubuntu 16.04]]   * [[https://​www.digitalocean.com/​community/​tutorials/​how-to-use-alertmanager-and-blackbox-exporter-to-monitor-your-web-server-on-ubuntu-16-04|How To Use Alertmanager And Blackbox Exporter To Monitor Your Web Server On Ubuntu 16.04]]
   * [[https://​awesome-prometheus-alerts.grep.to/​|Awesome Prometheus alerts]]   * [[https://​awesome-prometheus-alerts.grep.to/​|Awesome Prometheus alerts]]
 +
 +  * [[Сервис MTA#​Установка и настройка MTA на обработку почты домена hostname]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
Line 47: Line 55:
   smtp_from: '​prometheus@server.corpX.un'​   smtp_from: '​prometheus@server.corpX.un'​
   smtp_require_tls:​ false   smtp_require_tls:​ false
 +#  smtp_auth_username:​ '​alertmanager'​
 +#  smtp_auth_password:​ '​password'​
 ... ...
   # A default receiver   # A default receiver
Line 54: Line 64:
 - name: '​team-X-mails'​ - name: '​team-X-mails'​
   email_configs:​   email_configs:​
-  ​send_resolved:​ true +#  ​- to: '​student@corpX.un'​ 
-    ​to: '​student@corpX.un'​+#  - to: '​userX@isp.un'​ 
 +    send_resolved:​ true
 ... ...
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 +# service prometheus-alertmanager restart
 +
 # cat /​etc/​prometheus/​first_rules.yml # cat /​etc/​prometheus/​first_rules.yml
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
Line 113: Line 126:
 ... ...
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 +
 +  * [[http://​192.168.X.10:​9090/​alerts]]
 ===== Exporters ===== ===== Exporters =====
  
Line 128: Line 143:
 /​dev/​mapper/​debian--vg-root ​ 15662008 1877488 ​ 12969212 ​ 13% / /​dev/​mapper/​debian--vg-root ​ 15662008 1877488 ​ 12969212 ​ 13% /
 ... ...
 +# TYPE node_filesystem_free_bytes gauge
 node_filesystem_free_bytes{device="/​dev/​mapper/​debian--vg-root",​fstype="​ext4",​mountpoint="/"​} = (15662008 - 1877488) * 1024  node_filesystem_free_bytes{device="/​dev/​mapper/​debian--vg-root",​fstype="​ext4",​mountpoint="/"​} = (15662008 - 1877488) * 1024 
 </​code>​ </​code>​
Line 135: Line 150:
 <​code>​ <​code>​
 $ cat /​sys/​class/​net/​eth1/​statistics/​rx_bytes $ cat /​sys/​class/​net/​eth1/​statistics/​rx_bytes
 +  или
 +$ cat /​sys/​class/​net/​bond0/​statistics/​rx_bytes
  
 +# TYPE node_network_receive_bytes_total counter
 node_network_receive_bytes_total{device="​eth1"​} node_network_receive_bytes_total{device="​eth1"​}
 </​code>​ </​code>​
Line 185: Line 203:
 # cat /​etc/​prometheus/​prometheus.yml # cat /​etc/​prometheus/​prometheus.yml
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 +...
   - job_name: check_http   - job_name: check_http
     metrics_path:​ /probe     metrics_path:​ /probe
Line 191: Line 210:
     static_configs:​     static_configs:​
       - targets:       - targets:
-        - http://val.bmstu.ru+        - https://google.com
         - https://​ya.ru         - https://​ya.ru
     relabel_configs:​     relabel_configs:​
Line 199: Line 218:
         target_label:​ instance         target_label:​ instance
       - target_label:​ __address__       - target_label:​ __address__
-        replacement: ​127.0.0.1:9115+        replacement: ​localhost:9115
  
   - job_name: check_ssh   - job_name: check_ssh
Line 216: Line 235:
         target_label:​ instance         target_label:​ instance
       - target_label:​ __address__       - target_label:​ __address__
-        replacement: ​127.0.0.1:9115+        replacement: ​localhost:9115
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
   * [[#​Проверка конфигурации и перезапуск]]   * [[#​Проверка конфигурации и перезапуск]]
-  * [[http://​server.corpX.un:​9115/​]] Blackbox Exporter -> Logs+  * [[http://​server.corpX.un:​9115/​]] Blackbox Exporter->​Logs ​и [[http://​server.corpX.un:​9090/​graph]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
Line 262: Line 281:
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 # cat /​etc/​prometheus/​switchs.yml # cat /​etc/​prometheus/​switchs.yml
 +</​code><​code>​
 - targets: - targets:
   - switch1   - switch1
Line 315: Line 335:
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 # service prometheus-snmp-exporter restart # service prometheus-snmp-exporter restart
 +</​code>​
  
 +  * [[http://​server.corpX.un:​9116/​]]
 +
 +<​code>​
 # curl --noproxy 127.0.0.1 '​http://​127.0.0.1:​9116/​snmp?​target=router&​module=snmp_in_out_octets'​ # curl --noproxy 127.0.0.1 '​http://​127.0.0.1:​9116/​snmp?​target=router&​module=snmp_in_out_octets'​
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
Line 334: Line 358:
         target_label:​ instance         target_label:​ instance
       - target_label:​ __address__       - target_label:​ __address__
-        replacement: ​server:9116+        replacement: ​localhost:9116
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
Line 341: Line 365:
 <​code>​ <​code>​
 rate(if_in_octets{ifDescr="​FastEthernet1/​1",​ifIndex="​3",​instance="​router",​job="​snmp"​}[1m]) rate(if_in_octets{ifDescr="​FastEthernet1/​1",​ifIndex="​3",​instance="​router",​job="​snmp"​}[1m])
 +  или
 +rate(if_out_octets{ifIndex="​5",​instance="​router",​job="​snmp"​}[1m])
  
 8*rate(if_in_octets{ifDescr="​FastEthernet1/​1",​instance="​router"​}[1m]) 8*rate(if_in_octets{ifDescr="​FastEthernet1/​1",​instance="​router"​}[1m])
 +  или
 +8*rate(if_out_octets{ifDescr="​Port-channel1",​instance="​router"​}[1m])
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
Line 354: Line 382:
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 ... ...
-  - job_name: 'Pushgateway'+  - job_name: 'pushgateway'
     honor_labels:​ true     honor_labels:​ true
     static_configs:​     static_configs:​
Line 382: Line 410:
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 ip_dhcp_binding{dhcp_server="​router",​job="​cisco_dhcp",​net="​192.168"​} ip_dhcp_binding{dhcp_server="​router",​job="​cisco_dhcp",​net="​192.168"​}
 +</​code><​code>​
 +# crontab -l
 +</​code><​code>​
 +* * * * * /​root/​ip_dhcp_binding.sh
 </​code>​ </​code>​
сервис_prometheus.txt · Last modified: 2022/03/24 17:03 by val