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технология_vagrant [2022/08/17 14:45]
val
технология_vagrant [2022/09/28 16:52]
val [Внутри Vagrantfile]
Line 1: Line 1:
 ====== Технология Vagrant ====== ====== Технология Vagrant ======
 +
 +  * [[https://​ru.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Vagrant|HashiCorp Vagrant]]
  
   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​|Vagrant - Development Environments Made Easy]]   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​|Vagrant - Development Environments Made Easy]]
Line 7: Line 9:
   * [[https://​oracle-base.com/​articles/​vm/​create-a-vagrant-base-box-virtualbox|Create a Vagrant Base Box (VirtualBox)]]   * [[https://​oracle-base.com/​articles/​vm/​create-a-vagrant-base-box-virtualbox|Create a Vagrant Base Box (VirtualBox)]]
  
-  * [[https://​www.vultr.com/​docs/​stop-dhcp-from-changing-resolve-conf/​|Stop DHCP From Changing resolv.conf]] 
  
 ===== Установка ===== ===== Установка =====
  
-  * [[https://​val.bmstu.ru/​unix/​HashiCorp/​vagrant_2.2.10_x86_64.msi]]+  * [[https://​val.bmstu.ru/​unix/​HashiCorp/​vagrant_2.2.10_x86_64.msi]] ​ 
 +  * Можно не перезагружать систему,​ но нужно перезапустить Cmder
  
 ===== Подготовка командной строки ===== ===== Подготовка командной строки =====
  
-==== win cmd === 
  
-<​code>​ 
-C:​\Users\Administrator>​ C:​\HashiCorp\Vagrant\bin\vagrant.exe 
-</​code>​ 
  
 ==== Cmder ==== ==== Cmder ====
  
   * [[Cmder]]   * [[Cmder]]
- 
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-λ alias vagrant=C:​\HashiCorp\Vagrant\bin\vagrant.exe $* 
- 
 λ bash λ bash
  
-$ alias vagrant=C:/​\HashiCorp/​\Vagrant/​\bin/​\vagrant.exe $* +λ cd
-или +
-$ alias vagrant=/​c/​HashiCorp/​Vagrant/​bin/​vagrant.exe+
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-==== mobaxterm ==== +
-<​code>​ +
-mobaxterm>​ alias vagrant=/​drives/​c/​HashiCorp/​Vagrant/​bin/​vagrant.exe $* +
-</​code>​+
  
  
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   * [[https://​oracle-base.com/​articles/​vm/​create-a-vagrant-base-box-virtualbox|Create a Vagrant Base Box (VirtualBox)]] + [[https://​bbs.archlinux.org/​viewtopic.php?​id=270005|[SOLVED] Latest sshd not accepting key algorithms]]   * [[https://​oracle-base.com/​articles/​vm/​create-a-vagrant-base-box-virtualbox|Create a Vagrant Base Box (VirtualBox)]] + [[https://​bbs.archlinux.org/​viewtopic.php?​id=270005|[SOLVED] Latest sshd not accepting key algorithms]]
   * [[https://​vagrantcloud.com/​debian/​bullseye64]]   * [[https://​vagrantcloud.com/​debian/​bullseye64]]
 +
 +  * [[https://​val.bmstu.ru/​unix/​HashiCorp/​ubuntu_20.04.box]]
 +
 +  * [[Переменные окружения]]
 +  * [[https://​stackoverflow.com/​questions/​19872591/​how-to-use-vagrant-in-a-proxy-environment|How to use vagrant in a proxy environment?​]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
Line 58: Line 53:
  
 $ vagrant box list $ vagrant box list
 +
 +$ ### vagrant box remove specialist/​ubuntu20
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
Line 79: Line 76:
  
 $ vagrant global-status $ vagrant global-status
 +
 +$ vagrant global-status --prune
  
 $ vagrant halt $ vagrant halt
Line 97: Line 96:
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-λ npp Vagrantfile ​&+λ touch Vagrantfile
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 ... ...
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   config.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168."​ + X + "​.201"​   config.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168."​ + X + "​.201"​
  
-#  ​config.vm.provider "​virtualbox"​ do |vb| +  ​config.vm.provider "​virtualbox"​ do |vb| 
-   ​vb.memory = "​2048"​ +    vb.memory = "​2048"​ 
-   ​vb.cpus = "​2"​+    vb.cpus = "​2"​
  
 #    file_to_disk = config.vm.hostname + '​_disk2.vdi'​ #    file_to_disk = config.vm.hostname + '​_disk2.vdi'​
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 #    end #    end
 #    vb.customize ['​storageattach',​ :id, '​--storagectl',​ '​SATA',​ '​--port',​ 2, '​--device',​ 0, '​--type',​ '​hdd',​ '​--medium',​ file_to_disk] #    vb.customize ['​storageattach',​ :id, '​--storagectl',​ '​SATA',​ '​--port',​ 2, '​--device',​ 0, '​--type',​ '​hdd',​ '​--medium',​ file_to_disk]
- end+ 
 +  end
   ​   ​
 ### /My config ### ### /My config ###
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 </​code>​ </​code>​
 <​code>​ <​code>​
 +λ vagrant up
 +
 λ vagrant reload --provision λ vagrant reload --provision
 </​code>​ </​code>​
Line 164: Line 166:
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-λ npp provision_once.sh ​&+λ touch provision_once.sh
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
-#sed -i '​s/​PasswordAuthentication no/​PasswordAuthentication yes/g' /​etc/​ssh/​sshd_config 
 #echo '​root:​strongpassword'​ | chpasswd #echo '​root:​strongpassword'​ | chpasswd
 +#sed -i '​s/​PasswordAuthentication no/​PasswordAuthentication yes/g' /​etc/​ssh/​sshd_config
 +#service ssh restart
  
 echo '​vagrant:​strongpassword'​ | chpasswd echo '​vagrant:​strongpassword'​ | chpasswd
 +
 +(echo '"​\e[A":​ history-search-backward';​ echo '"​\e[B":​ history-search-forward'​) >> /​etc/​inputrc
  
 timedatectl set-timezone Europe/​Moscow timedatectl set-timezone Europe/​Moscow
  
-apt-get update +apt update 
-#apt-get install -y net-tools+#apt install -y docker.io
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
-λ npp provision_onstart.sh ​&+λ touch provision_onstart.sh
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 X=$1 X=$1
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 echo "​net.ipv4.ip_forward=1"​ > /​etc/​sysctl.d/​20-my-forward.conf && sysctl -p --system echo "​net.ipv4.ip_forward=1"​ > /​etc/​sysctl.d/​20-my-forward.conf && sysctl -p --system
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
-λ npp Vagrantfile+λ cat Vagrantfile
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 ... ...
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   config.vm.provision "​provision_once",​ type: "​shell",​ run: "​once",​ path: "​provision_once.sh"​   config.vm.provision "​provision_once",​ type: "​shell",​ run: "​once",​ path: "​provision_once.sh"​
 +
   config.vm.provision "​provision_onstart",​ type: "​shell",​ run: "​always", ​   config.vm.provision "​provision_onstart",​ type: "​shell",​ run: "​always", ​
     args: X + " 2_arg 3_arg", ​     args: X + " 2_arg 3_arg", ​
Line 217: Line 223:
 λ cat Vagrantfile λ cat Vagrantfile
 ... ...
-  config.vm.provision "​provision_docker",​ type: "​ansible_local",​ run: "always" do |ansible|+  config.vm.provision "​provision_docker",​ type: "​ansible_local",​ run: "once" do |ansible|
     ansible.playbook = "​provision_docker.yml"​     ansible.playbook = "​provision_docker.yml"​
   end   end
 ... ...
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
-$ vagrant provision --provision-with provision_docker+time vagrant provision --provision-with provision_docker 
 +real    11m2,127s
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
Line 231: Line 238:
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-λ mkdir ~/nodes +λ vagrant destroy
- +
-λ cd ~/nodes+
  
-λ npp nodes.yaml ​&+λ touch nodes.yaml
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 - name: "​node1"​ - name: "​node1"​
Line 275: Line 280:
 ... ...
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 +λ ### cd ~/​conf/​vagrant/​nodes ​ #!!! set X in Vagrantfile
 +
 λ vagrant up node1 λ vagrant up node1
  
 λ vagrant up λ vagrant up
 +
 +λ vagrant up --parallel
  
 λ vagrant ssh node2 λ vagrant ssh node2
  
-λ vagrant destroy ​node3+λ ### vagrant destroy ​node1
  
-λ vagrant destroy -f+λ ### vagrant destroy -f
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
 ===== Дополнительные возможности ===== ===== Дополнительные возможности =====
- 
- 
  
 ==== Использование синхронизируемых каталогов ==== ==== Использование синхронизируемых каталогов ====
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 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-====Multi-Machine Vagrant Environments ​=====+==== Еще варианты ​Multi-Machine Vagrant Environments ====
  
-==== Внутри Vagrantfile ​====+=== Внутри Vagrantfile ===
  
   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​multi-machine|Multi-Machine]]   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​multi-machine|Multi-Machine]]
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 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-==== С использованием структур данных ruby ====+=== С использованием структур данных ruby ===
  
   * [[https://​github.com/​hashicorp/​vagrant/​issues/​9200|Vagrant is assigning the same MAC to two different VMs?]]   * [[https://​github.com/​hashicorp/​vagrant/​issues/​9200|Vagrant is assigning the same MAC to two different VMs?]]
Line 410: Line 417:
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-==== С использованием json ====+=== С использованием json ===
  
   * [[Формат JSON]]   * [[Формат JSON]]
Line 459: Line 466:
       config.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: opts["​ip"​]       config.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: opts["​ip"​]
       config.vm.hostname = opts["​name"​]       config.vm.hostname = opts["​name"​]
- 
-#      config.vm.provider "​virtualbox"​ do | vb | 
-#        file_to_disk = opts["​name"​] + '​_2.vdi'​ 
-#        unless File.exist?​(file_to_disk) 
-#          vb.customize ['​createhd',​ '​--filename',​ file_to_disk,​ '​--size',​ 4 * 1024] 
-#        end 
-#        vb.customize ['​storageattach',​ :id, '​--storagectl',​ '​SATA',​ '​--port',​ 2, '​--device',​ 0, '​--type',​ '​hdd',​ '​--medium',​ file_to_disk] 
-#      end 
  
       opts["​vbox_config"​].each do |hash|       opts["​vbox_config"​].each do |hash|
технология_vagrant.txt · Last modified: 2022/09/28 17:02 by val