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сервис_zabbix [2022/02/15 08:11]
val [Мониторинг с использованием Zabbix agents]
сервис_zabbix [2022/07/28 08:41] (current)
val [Мониторинг с использованием Zabbix agents]
Line 89: Line 89:
 http://​server.corpX.un/​zabbix/​setup.php http://​server.corpX.un/​zabbix/​setup.php
  
 +!!! После работы визарда рекомендуется ​
 +
 +# mv /​usr/​share/​zabbix/​setup.php /​usr/​share/​zabbix/​setup.php_stop
 +
 +что бы никто его не повторил)
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 # less /​etc/​zabbix/​zabbix.conf.php # less /​etc/​zabbix/​zabbix.conf.php
Line 127: Line 132:
 # mkdir /​var/​lib/​zabbix # mkdir /​var/​lib/​zabbix
  
 +# В 6-й версии не нужно, БД будет создана автоматически
 # zcat /​usr/​share/​doc/​zabbix-proxy-sqlite3/​schema.sql.gz | sqlite3 /​var/​lib/​zabbix/​zabbix.db # zcat /​usr/​share/​doc/​zabbix-proxy-sqlite3/​schema.sql.gz | sqlite3 /​var/​lib/​zabbix/​zabbix.db
 </​code>​ </​code>​
Line 200: Line 206:
 ===== Настройка мониторинга ===== ===== Настройка мониторинга =====
  
-  * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​4.0/​ru/​manual/​quickstart|Zabbix Documentation ​4.0. Быстрый старт]]+  * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​current/​ru/​manual/​quickstart|Zabbix Documentation. Быстрый старт]]
   * Login: Admin; Pass: zabbix   * Login: Admin; Pass: zabbix
 +
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-http://server.corpX.un/zabbix/+http://192.168.X.10/zabbix/
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 ==== Настройка уведомлений о событиях ==== ==== Настройка уведомлений о событиях ====
Line 368: Line 375:
 {ITEM.NAME1} ({HOST.NAME1}:​{ITEM.KEY1}): ​ {ITEM.NAME1} ({HOST.NAME1}:​{ITEM.KEY1}): ​
  
-Current:+==CURRENT==
  
 {ITEM.VALUE1} {ITEM.VALUE1}
  
-Previous:+==PREVIOUS==
  
 {{HOSTNAME}:​{TRIGGER.KEY}.last(#​2)} {{HOSTNAME}:​{TRIGGER.KEY}.last(#​2)}
Line 392: Line 399:
 {{HOSTNAME}:​{TRIGGER.KEY}.last(#​2)} {{HOSTNAME}:​{TRIGGER.KEY}.last(#​2)}
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 +
 +  * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​forum/​zabbix-help/​445808-display-an-items-previous-value|Display an items previous value...does not work...]]
 ==== Простые проверки ==== ==== Простые проверки ====
  
Line 591: Line 600:
     Key:  speedtest.download     Key:  speedtest.download
     Type of information:​ Numeric (float) или Numeric (unsigned)     Type of information:​ Numeric (float) или Numeric (unsigned)
-    Units: ​Бит/сек+    Units: ​бит/​с ​ ​или ​ bit/s
     Allowed hosts: 127.0.0.1     Allowed hosts: 127.0.0.1
   Preprocessing ​   может понадобиться   Preprocessing ​   может понадобиться
Line 777: Line 786:
 Host: server.corpX.un Host: server.corpX.un
     Name: gate.isp.un is unreachable     Name: gate.isp.un is unreachable
-    Expression: {server.corpX.un:​icmpping[gate.isp.un].last()}=0+    Expression: {server.corpX.un:​icmpping[gate.isp.un].last()}=0 ​   ​Zabbix < 5.4 
 +    Expression: last(/​server.corpX.un/​icmpping[gate.isp.un])=0 ​    ​Zabbix >= 5.4
     Severity: High     Severity: High
  
     Name: RDP service on host is not available     Name: RDP service on host is not available
     Expression: {server.corpX.un:​net.tcp.service[tcp,​192.168.X.5,​3389].last()}=0     Expression: {server.corpX.un:​net.tcp.service[tcp,​192.168.X.5,​3389].last()}=0
 +    Expression: last(/​server.corpX.un/​net.tcp.service[tcp,​192.168.X.29,​3389])=0
     Severity: Warning     Severity: Warning
  
Line 787: Line 798:
     Name: HTTPS service on {HOST.NAME} is not available     Name: HTTPS service on {HOST.NAME} is not available
     Expression: {ya.ru:​net.tcp.service.perf[https].last(#​2)}=0     Expression: {ya.ru:​net.tcp.service.perf[https].last(#​2)}=0
 +    Expression: last(/​ya.ru/​net.tcp.service.perf[https],#​2)=0
  
     Dependencies:​ Zabbix server: gate.isp.un is unreachable ​       Dependencies:​ Zabbix server: gate.isp.un is unreachable ​  
Line 798: Line 810:
 Host: ya.ru                                        Host: ya.ru                                       
     Name: HTTP service on {HOST.NAME} is slow     Name: HTTP service on {HOST.NAME} is slow
 +    ​
 +    Значение подобрать на основе графика
 +    ​
 +    Expression: {ya.ru:​my.avg.perf.http.last()}>​0.4
     Expression: {ya.ru:​net.tcp.service.perf[https].avg(5m)}>​0.4  ​     Expression: {ya.ru:​net.tcp.service.perf[https].avg(5m)}>​0.4  ​
 +    Expression: avg(/​ya.ru/​net.tcp.service.perf[https],​5m)>​0.4
  
- 
-    Expression: {ya.ru:​my.avg.perf.http.last()}>​0.4 
- 
-    Значение подобрать на основе графика 
     Severity: Warning     Severity: Warning
 </​code>​ </​code>​
Line 818: Line 831:
  
 === Пример с текстовым элементом === === Пример с текстовым элементом ===
 +Zabbix 5
 <​code>​ <​code>​
 Name: Host {HOST.NAME} nmap change Name: Host {HOST.NAME} nmap change
Line 825: Line 839:
   или   или
 Expression: {val.bmstu.ru:​my.nmap.diff()}=1 Expression: {val.bmstu.ru:​my.nmap.diff()}=1
 +</​code>​
 +Zabbix 6
 +<​code>​
 +Name: installed soft on host {HOST.NAME} change
 +Severity: Warning
 +
 +Expression: (last(/​Template OS Windows list installed soft Active/​listinstalledsoft,#​1)<>​last(/​Template OS Windows list installed soft Active/​listinstalledsoft,#​2))=1
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
Line 835: Line 856:
 Severity: Hight Severity: Hight
 Expression: {server.corpX.un:​web.test.fail[mail corpX].last()}>​0 Expression: {server.corpX.un:​web.test.fail[mail corpX].last()}>​0
 +Expression: last(/​server.corpX.un/​web.test.fail[mail corpX])>​0
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
Line 966: Line 988:
  
   * Windows examples   * Windows examples
-  * [[PowerShell#​Список установленного ПО]] ​ !!! Попробовать вариант с форматированием+  * [[PowerShell#​Список установленного ПО]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
Line 974: Line 996:
 Timeout=30 Timeout=30
  
-UserParameter=listinstalledsoft,​powershell -Command Get-ChildItem HKLM:​\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall;​ powershell -Command Get-ChildItem HKLM:​\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall+#UserParameter=listinstalledsoft,​powershell -Command Get-ChildItem HKLM:​\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall;​ powershell -Command Get-ChildItem HKLM:​\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall
  
-UserParameter=listinstalledsoft,​C:​\bin\listinstalledsoft.bat+UserParameter=listinstalledsoft,​C:​\bin\listinstalledsoft.bat ​| findstr /v "​^$"​
  
 UnsafeUserParameters=1 UnsafeUserParameters=1
Line 987: Line 1009:
 @echo off @echo off
  
-powershell -command "​Get-ItemProperty HKLM:​\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Select-Object DisplayName | Format-Table -AutoSize -HideTableHeaders"​+powershell -command "​Get-ItemProperty HKLM:​\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* ​| Get-ItemProperty | Where-Object '​DisplayName'​ | Sort-Object -Property DisplayName ​| Select-Object ​-Property DisplayName | Format-Table -AutoSize -HideTableHeaders"​ 
 +powershell -command "​Get-ItemProperty HKLM:​\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Get-ItemProperty | Where-Object '​DisplayName'​ | Sort-Object -Property DisplayName | Select-Object -Property ​DisplayName | Format-Table -AutoSize -HideTableHeaders"​
  
-powershell -command "​Get-ItemProperty HKLM:​\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Select-Object DisplayName | Format-Table -AutoSize -HideTableHeaders"​ 
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 ==== Мониторинг по протоколу SNMP ==== ==== Мониторинг по протоколу SNMP ====
Line 1032: Line 1054:
              4.XX Template Module Interfaces Simple SNMPv2              4.XX Template Module Interfaces Simple SNMPv2
              5.XX Template Net Cisco IOS SNMP                  !!!! Уменьшить период Discovery !!!!              5.XX Template Net Cisco IOS SNMP                  !!!! Уменьшить период Discovery !!!!
 +             6.XX Cisco IOS SNMP
       Set host inventory mode: Automatic       Set host inventory mode: Automatic
     Add     Add
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 +
 +=== SNMPv3 ===
 +
 +  * [[https://​blog.zabbix.com/​monitoring-network-hardware-with-snmpv3-in-zabbix/​10093/​|Monitoring network hardware with SNMPv3 in Zabbix]]
 ==== Проверки через SSH ==== ==== Проверки через SSH ====
  
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   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​3.0/​ru/​manual/​config/​items/​itemtypes/​snmptrap|Zabbix Documentation SNMP трапы]]   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​3.0/​ru/​manual/​config/​items/​itemtypes/​snmptrap|Zabbix Documentation SNMP трапы]]
   * [[https://​gist.github.com/​jpawlowski/​152abb4951f39ce1cfa0b1c5220b8635|SNMPTT installation on CentOS 7 for Zabbix integration]]   * [[https://​gist.github.com/​jpawlowski/​152abb4951f39ce1cfa0b1c5220b8635|SNMPTT installation on CentOS 7 for Zabbix integration]]
 +  * [[https://​programmersought.com/​article/​39768892920/​|How to deploy SNMP Traps in Centos8]]
   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​forum/​zabbix-help/​28463-catch-all-snmp-traps-with-general-event|catch all snmp traps with general event]]   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​forum/​zabbix-help/​28463-catch-all-snmp-traps-with-general-event|catch all snmp traps with general event]]
 +  * [[https://​blog.zabbix.com/​snmp-traps-in-zabbix/​8210/​|SNMP Traps in Zabbix]]
 +  * [[https://​youtu.be/​fVK2YWdTalQ|youtube SNMP Traps in Zabbix Tutorial]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
Line 1094: Line 1124:
 Configuration Configuration
   Templates   Templates
-    Template App SSH Service+    Template App SSH Service/SSH Service
   Full Clone   Full Clone
-    Template App SSH Port Service+    Template App SSH Port Service/SSH Port Service
   Add   Add
  
   Templates   Templates
-    Template App SSH Port Service+    Template App SSH Port Service/SSH Port Service
       Items       Items
         SSH service is running         SSH service is running
Line 1263: Line 1293:
       Name: On {HOST.NAME} in the DHCP pool {#POOLNAME}       Name: On {HOST.NAME} in the DHCP pool {#POOLNAME}
       Expression: {Template App DHCP Pools:​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​used].last()}/​{Template App DHCP Pools:​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​defined].last()}*100 > {$DHCP.POOLS.MAX.PERCENT}       Expression: {Template App DHCP Pools:​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​used].last()}/​{Template App DHCP Pools:​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​defined].last()}*100 > {$DHCP.POOLS.MAX.PERCENT}
 +                  last(/​Template App DHCP Pools/​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​used])/​last(/​Template App DHCP Pools/​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​defined])*100 > {$DHCP.POOLS.MAX.PERCENT}
       Severity: Warning       Severity: Warning
 </​code>​ </​code>​
Line 1276: Line 1307:
 ===== API ===== ===== API =====
  
-  * [[https://​ru.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​JSON|Материал из Википедии. ​JSON]]+  * [[Формат JSON]]
   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​1.8/​ru/​api/​getting_started|Zabbix Documentation Начало работы с Zabbix API]]   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​1.8/​ru/​api/​getting_started|Zabbix Documentation Начало работы с Zabbix API]]
  
Line 1424: Line 1455:
 } " http://​127.0.0.1/​zabbix/​api_jsonrpc.php } " http://​127.0.0.1/​zabbix/​api_jsonrpc.php
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
-server.corp1.un:​~#​ /​root/​zab_set_map_name.sh 2 "Super MAP"+server.corp1.un:​~#​ /​root/​zab_set_map_name.sh 2 "ISP1"
 </​code>​ </​code>​
сервис_zabbix.1644901881.txt.gz · Last modified: 2022/02/15 08:11 by val