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сервис_zabbix [2022/02/18 09:30]
val [Настройка мониторинга]
сервис_zabbix [2022/07/28 08:41] (current)
val [Мониторинг с использованием Zabbix agents]
Line 89: Line 89:
 http://​server.corpX.un/​zabbix/​setup.php http://​server.corpX.un/​zabbix/​setup.php
  
 +!!! После работы визарда рекомендуется ​
 +
 +# mv /​usr/​share/​zabbix/​setup.php /​usr/​share/​zabbix/​setup.php_stop
 +
 +что бы никто его не повторил)
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 # less /​etc/​zabbix/​zabbix.conf.php # less /​etc/​zabbix/​zabbix.conf.php
Line 127: Line 132:
 # mkdir /​var/​lib/​zabbix # mkdir /​var/​lib/​zabbix
  
 +# В 6-й версии не нужно, БД будет создана автоматически
 # zcat /​usr/​share/​doc/​zabbix-proxy-sqlite3/​schema.sql.gz | sqlite3 /​var/​lib/​zabbix/​zabbix.db # zcat /​usr/​share/​doc/​zabbix-proxy-sqlite3/​schema.sql.gz | sqlite3 /​var/​lib/​zabbix/​zabbix.db
 </​code>​ </​code>​
Line 200: Line 206:
 ===== Настройка мониторинга ===== ===== Настройка мониторинга =====
  
-  * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​4.0/​ru/​manual/​quickstart|Zabbix Documentation ​4.0. Быстрый старт]]+  * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​current/​ru/​manual/​quickstart|Zabbix Documentation. Быстрый старт]]
   * Login: Admin; Pass: zabbix   * Login: Admin; Pass: zabbix
  
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 {{HOSTNAME}:​{TRIGGER.KEY}.last(#​2)} {{HOSTNAME}:​{TRIGGER.KEY}.last(#​2)}
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 +
 +  * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​forum/​zabbix-help/​445808-display-an-items-previous-value|Display an items previous value...does not work...]]
 ==== Простые проверки ==== ==== Простые проверки ====
  
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     Key:  speedtest.download     Key:  speedtest.download
     Type of information:​ Numeric (float) или Numeric (unsigned)     Type of information:​ Numeric (float) или Numeric (unsigned)
-    Units: ​Бит/сек+    Units: ​бит/​с ​ ​или ​ bit/s
     Allowed hosts: 127.0.0.1     Allowed hosts: 127.0.0.1
   Preprocessing ​   может понадобиться   Preprocessing ​   может понадобиться
Line 823: Line 831:
  
 === Пример с текстовым элементом === === Пример с текстовым элементом ===
 +Zabbix 5
 <​code>​ <​code>​
 Name: Host {HOST.NAME} nmap change Name: Host {HOST.NAME} nmap change
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   или   или
 Expression: {val.bmstu.ru:​my.nmap.diff()}=1 Expression: {val.bmstu.ru:​my.nmap.diff()}=1
 +</​code>​
 +Zabbix 6
 +<​code>​
 +Name: installed soft on host {HOST.NAME} change
 +Severity: Warning
 +
 +Expression: (last(/​Template OS Windows list installed soft Active/​listinstalledsoft,#​1)<>​last(/​Template OS Windows list installed soft Active/​listinstalledsoft,#​2))=1
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
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   * Windows examples   * Windows examples
-  * [[PowerShell#​Список установленного ПО]] ​ !!! Попробовать вариант с форматированием+  * [[PowerShell#​Список установленного ПО]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
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 Timeout=30 Timeout=30
  
-UserParameter=listinstalledsoft,​powershell -Command Get-ChildItem HKLM:​\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall;​ powershell -Command Get-ChildItem HKLM:​\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall+#UserParameter=listinstalledsoft,​powershell -Command Get-ChildItem HKLM:​\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall;​ powershell -Command Get-ChildItem HKLM:​\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall
  
-#UserParameter=listinstalledsoft,​C:​\bin\listinstalledsoft.bat+UserParameter=listinstalledsoft,​C:​\bin\listinstalledsoft.bat ​| findstr /v "​^$"​
  
 UnsafeUserParameters=1 UnsafeUserParameters=1
Line 993: Line 1009:
 @echo off @echo off
  
-powershell -command "​Get-ItemProperty HKLM:​\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Select-Object DisplayName | Format-Table -AutoSize -HideTableHeaders"​+powershell -command "​Get-ItemProperty HKLM:​\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* ​| Get-ItemProperty | Where-Object '​DisplayName'​ | Sort-Object -Property DisplayName ​| Select-Object ​-Property DisplayName | Format-Table -AutoSize -HideTableHeaders"​ 
 +powershell -command "​Get-ItemProperty HKLM:​\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Get-ItemProperty | Where-Object '​DisplayName'​ | Sort-Object -Property DisplayName | Select-Object -Property ​DisplayName | Format-Table -AutoSize -HideTableHeaders"​
  
-powershell -command "​Get-ItemProperty HKLM:​\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Select-Object DisplayName | Format-Table -AutoSize -HideTableHeaders"​ 
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 ==== Мониторинг по протоколу SNMP ==== ==== Мониторинг по протоколу SNMP ====
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              4.XX Template Module Interfaces Simple SNMPv2              4.XX Template Module Interfaces Simple SNMPv2
              5.XX Template Net Cisco IOS SNMP                  !!!! Уменьшить период Discovery !!!!              5.XX Template Net Cisco IOS SNMP                  !!!! Уменьшить период Discovery !!!!
 +             6.XX Cisco IOS SNMP
       Set host inventory mode: Automatic       Set host inventory mode: Automatic
     Add     Add
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 +
 +=== SNMPv3 ===
 +
 +  * [[https://​blog.zabbix.com/​monitoring-network-hardware-with-snmpv3-in-zabbix/​10093/​|Monitoring network hardware with SNMPv3 in Zabbix]]
 ==== Проверки через SSH ==== ==== Проверки через SSH ====
  
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   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​3.0/​ru/​manual/​config/​items/​itemtypes/​snmptrap|Zabbix Documentation SNMP трапы]]   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​3.0/​ru/​manual/​config/​items/​itemtypes/​snmptrap|Zabbix Documentation SNMP трапы]]
   * [[https://​gist.github.com/​jpawlowski/​152abb4951f39ce1cfa0b1c5220b8635|SNMPTT installation on CentOS 7 for Zabbix integration]]   * [[https://​gist.github.com/​jpawlowski/​152abb4951f39ce1cfa0b1c5220b8635|SNMPTT installation on CentOS 7 for Zabbix integration]]
 +  * [[https://​programmersought.com/​article/​39768892920/​|How to deploy SNMP Traps in Centos8]]
   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​forum/​zabbix-help/​28463-catch-all-snmp-traps-with-general-event|catch all snmp traps with general event]]   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​forum/​zabbix-help/​28463-catch-all-snmp-traps-with-general-event|catch all snmp traps with general event]]
 +  * [[https://​blog.zabbix.com/​snmp-traps-in-zabbix/​8210/​|SNMP Traps in Zabbix]]
 +  * [[https://​youtu.be/​fVK2YWdTalQ|youtube SNMP Traps in Zabbix Tutorial]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
Line 1269: Line 1293:
       Name: On {HOST.NAME} in the DHCP pool {#POOLNAME}       Name: On {HOST.NAME} in the DHCP pool {#POOLNAME}
       Expression: {Template App DHCP Pools:​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​used].last()}/​{Template App DHCP Pools:​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​defined].last()}*100 > {$DHCP.POOLS.MAX.PERCENT}       Expression: {Template App DHCP Pools:​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​used].last()}/​{Template App DHCP Pools:​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​defined].last()}*100 > {$DHCP.POOLS.MAX.PERCENT}
 +                  last(/​Template App DHCP Pools/​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​used])/​last(/​Template App DHCP Pools/​dhcp.pools.shared-network[{#​POOLNAME},​defined])*100 > {$DHCP.POOLS.MAX.PERCENT}
       Severity: Warning       Severity: Warning
 </​code>​ </​code>​
Line 1282: Line 1307:
 ===== API ===== ===== API =====
  
-  * [[https://​ru.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​JSON|Материал из Википедии. ​JSON]]+  * [[Формат JSON]]
   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​1.8/​ru/​api/​getting_started|Zabbix Documentation Начало работы с Zabbix API]]   * [[https://​www.zabbix.com/​documentation/​1.8/​ru/​api/​getting_started|Zabbix Documentation Начало работы с Zabbix API]]
  
сервис_zabbix.1645165820.txt.gz · Last modified: 2022/02/18 09:30 by val