User Tools

Site Tools


технология_vagrant

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
Next revision Both sides next revision
технология_vagrant [2022/07/26 06:46]
val [С использованием внешних скриптов]
технология_vagrant [2022/09/22 11:14]
val [Provision с использованием ansible]
Line 11: Line 11:
 ===== Установка ===== ===== Установка =====
  
-  * [[https://​val.bmstu.ru/​unix/​HashiCorp/​vagrant_2.2.10_x86_64.msi]]+  * [[https://​val.bmstu.ru/​unix/​HashiCorp/​vagrant_2.2.10_x86_64.msi]] ​ 
 +  * Можно не перезагружать систему,​ но нужно перезапустить Cmder
  
 ===== Подготовка командной строки ===== ===== Подготовка командной строки =====
  
-==== win cmd === 
  
-<​code>​ 
-C:​\Users\Administrator>​ C:​\HashiCorp\Vagrant\bin\vagrant.exe 
-</​code>​ 
  
 ==== Cmder ==== ==== Cmder ====
  
   * [[Cmder]]   * [[Cmder]]
- 
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-λ alias vagrant=C:​\HashiCorp\Vagrant\bin\vagrant.exe $* 
- 
 λ bash λ bash
  
-$ alias vagrant=C:/​\HashiCorp/​\Vagrant/​\bin/​\vagrant.exe $* +λ cd
-или +
-$ alias vagrant=/​c/​HashiCorp/​Vagrant/​bin/​vagrant.exe+
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-==== mobaxterm ==== +
-<​code>​ +
-mobaxterm>​ alias vagrant=/​drives/​c/​HashiCorp/​Vagrant/​bin/​vagrant.exe $* +
-</​code>​+
  
  
Line 45: Line 34:
   * [[https://​oracle-base.com/​articles/​vm/​create-a-vagrant-base-box-virtualbox|Create a Vagrant Base Box (VirtualBox)]] + [[https://​bbs.archlinux.org/​viewtopic.php?​id=270005|[SOLVED] Latest sshd not accepting key algorithms]]   * [[https://​oracle-base.com/​articles/​vm/​create-a-vagrant-base-box-virtualbox|Create a Vagrant Base Box (VirtualBox)]] + [[https://​bbs.archlinux.org/​viewtopic.php?​id=270005|[SOLVED] Latest sshd not accepting key algorithms]]
   * [[https://​vagrantcloud.com/​debian/​bullseye64]]   * [[https://​vagrantcloud.com/​debian/​bullseye64]]
 +
 +  * [[https://​val.bmstu.ru/​unix/​HashiCorp/​ubuntu_20.04.box]]
 +
 +  * [[Переменные окружения]]
 +  * [[https://​stackoverflow.com/​questions/​19872591/​how-to-use-vagrant-in-a-proxy-environment|How to use vagrant in a proxy environment?​]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
Line 58: Line 52:
  
 $ vagrant box list $ vagrant box list
 +
 +$ ### vagrant box remove specialist/​ubuntu20
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-===== Создание VM =====+===== Создание и управление VM =====
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-$ mkdir ~/node1+$ mkdir ~/nodes
  
-$ cd ~/node1+$ cd ~/nodes
  
 $ vagrant init specialist/​ubuntu20 $ vagrant init specialist/​ubuntu20
Line 80: Line 76:
 $ vagrant global-status $ vagrant global-status
  
-$ vagrant ​halt+$ vagrant ​global-status --prune
  
-$ vagrant destroy+### vagrant halt 
 + 
 +$ ### vagrant destroy
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-===== Provision =====+===== Управление конфигурацией,​ использование переменных и Provision ​VM =====
  
   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​provisioning|Provisioners in Vagrant]]   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​provisioning|Provisioners in Vagrant]]
   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​provisioning/​basic_usage|Basic Usage of Provisioners]]   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​provisioning/​basic_usage|Basic Usage of Provisioners]]
   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​networking/​public_network|Vagrant public networks]]   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​networking/​public_network|Vagrant public networks]]
 +
 ==== Внутри Vagrantfile ==== ==== Внутри Vagrantfile ====
 +
 +  * [[https://​stackoverflow.com/​questions/​30820949/​print-message-after-booting-vagrant-machine-with-vagrant-up|Print message after booting vagrant machine with "​vagrant up"]]
 +  * [[https://​stackoverflow.com/​questions/​19648088/​pass-environment-variables-to-vagrant-shell-provisioner|Pass environment variables to vagrant shell provisioner]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
Line 96: Line 98:
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 ... ...
 +X = "​13"​
 +
 Vagrant.configure("​2"​) do |config| Vagrant.configure("​2"​) do |config|
  
 ### My config ### ### My config ###
  
-  config.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168.X.210", virtualbox__intnet:​ false +  ​config.vm.post_up_message = "This is X: " + X 
-  config.vm.hostname ​= "node1.corpX.un"+ 
 +  config.vm.hostname = "​node1.corp"​ + X + "​.un"​ 
 +  ​config.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168." + + ".201" 
 + 
 +  config.vm.provider "​virtualbox"​ do |vb| 
 +    vb.memory ​= "2048"​ 
 +    vb.cpus = "2" 
 + 
 +#    file_to_disk = config.vm.hostname + '​_disk2.vdi'​ 
 +#    unless File.exist?​(file_to_disk) 
 +#      vb.customize ['​createhd',​ '​--filename',​ file_to_disk,​ '​--size',​ 4 * 1024] 
 +#    end 
 +#    vb.customize ['​storageattach',​ :id, '​--storagectl',​ '​SATA',​ '​--port',​ 2, '​--device',​ 0, '​--type',​ '​hdd',​ '​--medium',​ file_to_disk] 
 + 
 +  end
   ​   ​
 ### /My config ### ### /My config ###
Line 114: Line 132:
   SHELL   SHELL
  
-  config.vm.provision "​provision_onstart",​ run: "​always",​ type: "​shell",​ inline: <<​-SHELL+  config.vm.provision "​provision_onstart",​ run: "​always",​ type: "​shell", ​ 
 +    env: { 
 + "​X"​ => X, 
 + }, 
 +    ​inline: <<​-SHELL
  
     eval `route -n | awk '{ if ($8 ==\"​eth0\"​ && $2 != \"​0.0.0.0\"​) print \"​route del default gw \" $2; }'`     eval `route -n | awk '{ if ($8 ==\"​eth0\"​ && $2 != \"​0.0.0.0\"​) print \"​route del default gw \" $2; }'`
-    route add default gw 192.168.X.1+    route add default gw 192.168.$X.1
  
     cat <<EOF >/​etc/​resolv.conf     cat <<EOF >/​etc/​resolv.conf
-search ​corpX.un +search ​corp$X.un 
-nameserver 192.168.X.10+nameserver 192.168.$X.10
 EOF EOF
  
Line 127: Line 149:
  
 ### /My provision ### ### /My provision ###
 +
 ... ...
  
Line 134: Line 157:
 λ vagrant reload --provision λ vagrant reload --provision
 </​code>​ </​code>​
-==== С использованием внешних скриптов ====+ 
 +==== Provision с использованием внешних скриптов ==== 
 + 
 +  * [[https://​stackoverflow.com/​questions/​15461898/​passing-variable-to-a-shell-script-provisioner-in-vagrant|Passing variable to a shell script provisioner in vagrant]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-λ npp provision_once.sh ​&+λ touch provision_once.sh
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
-#sed -i '​s/​PasswordAuthentication no/​PasswordAuthentication yes/g' /​etc/​ssh/​sshd_config 
 #echo '​root:​strongpassword'​ | chpasswd #echo '​root:​strongpassword'​ | chpasswd
 +#sed -i '​s/​PasswordAuthentication no/​PasswordAuthentication yes/g' /​etc/​ssh/​sshd_config
 +#service ssh restart
 +
 +echo '​vagrant:​strongpassword'​ | chpasswd
 +
 +(echo '"​\e[A":​ history-search-backward';​ echo '"​\e[B":​ history-search-forward'​) >> /​etc/​inputrc
  
 timedatectl set-timezone Europe/​Moscow timedatectl set-timezone Europe/​Moscow
  
-apt-get update +apt update 
-#apt-get install -y net-tools+#apt install -y docker.io
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
-λ npp provision_onstart.sh ​&+λ touch provision_onstart.sh
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
-route add default gw 192.168.X.1+X=$1 
 + 
 +echo $X 
 + 
 +route add default gw 192.168.$X.1
  
 eval `route -n | awk '{ if ($8 =="​eth0"​ && $2 != "​0.0.0.0"​) print "route del default gw " $2; }'` eval `route -n | awk '{ if ($8 =="​eth0"​ && $2 != "​0.0.0.0"​) print "route del default gw " $2; }'`
  
 chattr -i /​etc/​resolv.conf chattr -i /​etc/​resolv.conf
-echo -e 'search ​corpX.un\nnameserver 192.168.X.10' ​> /​etc/​resolv.conf+echo -e "search ​corp$X.un\nnameserver 192.168.$X.10" ​> /​etc/​resolv.conf
 chattr +i /​etc/​resolv.conf chattr +i /​etc/​resolv.conf
  
 echo "​net.ipv4.ip_forward=1"​ > /​etc/​sysctl.d/​20-my-forward.conf && sysctl -p --system echo "​net.ipv4.ip_forward=1"​ > /​etc/​sysctl.d/​20-my-forward.conf && sysctl -p --system
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
-λ npp Vagrantfile+λ cat Vagrantfile
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 ... ...
Line 165: Line 200:
  
   config.vm.provision "​provision_once",​ type: "​shell",​ run: "​once",​ path: "​provision_once.sh"​   config.vm.provision "​provision_once",​ type: "​shell",​ run: "​once",​ path: "​provision_once.sh"​
-  ​config.vm.provision "​provision_onstart",​ type: "​shell",​ run: "​always",​ path: "​provision_onstart.sh"​+ 
 +  ​config.vm.provision "​provision_onstart",​ type: "​shell",​ run: "​always", ​ 
 +    args: X + " 2_arg 3_arg",​  
 +    ​path: "​provision_onstart.sh"​
  
 ### /My provision ### ### /My provision ###
Line 171: Line 209:
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 λ vagrant provision --provision-with provision_once,​provision_onstart λ vagrant provision --provision-with provision_once,​provision_onstart
-</​code>​ 
  
 +vagrant@node1:​~$ ls /vagrant/
 +</​code>​
  
- +==== Provision с использованием ansible ====
-==== С использованием ansible ====+
  
   * Сервис Ansible [[Сервис Ansible#​Использование playbook]]   * Сервис Ansible [[Сервис Ansible#​Использование playbook]]
Line 182: Line 220:
 λ cat Vagrantfile λ cat Vagrantfile
 ... ...
-  config.vm.provision "​provision_docker",​ type: "​ansible_local",​ run: "always" do |ansible|+  config.vm.provision "​provision_docker",​ type: "​ansible_local",​ run: "once" do |ansible|
     ansible.playbook = "​provision_docker.yml"​     ansible.playbook = "​provision_docker.yml"​
   end   end
Line 191: Line 229:
  
 ===== Multi-Machine Vagrant Environments ===== ===== Multi-Machine Vagrant Environments =====
 +
 +  * [[https://​blog.scottlowe.org/​2014/​10/​22/​multi-machine-vagrant-with-yaml/​|Multi-Machine Vagrant with YAML]]
 +  * [[https://​stackoverflow.com/​questions/​16708917/​how-do-i-include-variables-in-my-vagrantfile|How do I include variables in my VagrantFile?​]]
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-$ mkdir ~/nodes+λ vagrant destroy
  
-$ cd ~/nodes+λ touch nodes.yaml 
 +</​code><​code>​ 
 +- name: "​node1"​ 
 +  ip: "​201"​ 
 +- name: "​node2"​ 
 +  ip: "​202"​ 
 +- name: "​node3"​ 
 +  ip: "​203"​ 
 +</​code><​code>​ 
 +λ npp Vagrantfile 
 +</​code><​code>​ 
 +... 
 +require '​yaml'​ 
 +nodes = YAML.load_file("​./nodes.yaml"​)
  
-vagrant ​init specialist/ubuntu20+Vagrant.configure("​2"​) do |config| 
 + 
 +### My config ### 
 +  nodes.each do |opts|  
 +    config.vm.define opts["​name"​] do |config| 
 +      config.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168."​ + X + "​."​ + opts["​ip"​] 
 +      config.vm.hostname = opts["​name"​] 
 +    
 +      config.vm.provider :virtualbox do |vb| 
 +        # vb.name = opts["​name"​] 
 +        vb.memory = "​2048"​ 
 +        vb.cpus = "​2"​ 
 + 
 +        # file_to_disk = opts["​name"​] + '​_2.vdi'​ 
 +        # unless File.exist?​(file_to_disk) 
 +          # vb.customize ['​createhd',​ '​--filename',​ file_to_disk,​ '​--size',​ 4 * 1024] 
 +        # end 
 +        # vb.customize ['​storageattach',​ :id, '​--storagectl',​ '​SATA',​ '​--port',​ 2, '​--device',​ 0, '​--type',​ '​hdd',​ '​--medium',​ file_to_disk] 
 + 
 +      end 
 +    end 
 +  end 
 +### /My config ### 
 +... 
 +</​code><​code>​ 
 +λ ### cd ~/conf/vagrant/nodes  #!!! set X in Vagrantfile 
 + 
 +λ vagrant up node1 
 + 
 +λ vagrant up 
 + 
 +λ vagrant up --parallel 
 + 
 +λ vagrant ssh node2 
 + 
 +λ ### vagrant destroy node1 
 + 
 +λ ### vagrant destroy -f
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-==== Внутри Vagrantfile ​====+===== Дополнительные возможности ===== 
 + 
 +==== Использование синхронизируемых каталогов ==== 
 + 
 +<​code>​ 
 +λ cat Vagrantfile 
 +</​code><​code>​ 
 +... 
 +#  config.vm.synced_folder "​.",​ "/​vagrant",​ type: "​rsync",​ rsync__exclude:​ "​.git/"​ 
 +... 
 +</​code><​code>​ 
 +λ npp SomeFile 
 +... 
 + 
 +λ vagrant rsync 
 + 
 +λ vagrant ssh 
 + 
 +vagrant@node3:​~$ ls /vagrant/ 
 +</​code><​code>​ 
 +... 
 +Vagrantfile 
 +... 
 +SomeFile 
 +... 
 +</​code>​ 
 + 
 +==== Еще варианты Multi-Machine Vagrant Environments ==== 
 + 
 +=== Внутри Vagrantfile ===
  
   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​multi-machine|Multi-Machine]]   * [[https://​www.vagrantup.com/​docs/​multi-machine|Multi-Machine]]
Line 213: Line 333:
  
   config.vm.define "​node1"​ do |node1|   config.vm.define "​node1"​ do |node1|
-    node1.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168.X.210"+    node1.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168.X.201"
   end   end
  
   config.vm.define "​node2"​ do |node2|   config.vm.define "​node2"​ do |node2|
-    node2.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168.X.220"+    node2.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168.X.202"
   end   end
  
   config.vm.define "​node3"​ do |node3|   config.vm.define "​node3"​ do |node3|
-    node3.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168.X.230"+    node3.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: "​192.168.X.203"
   end   end
   ​   ​
Line 228: Line 348:
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-==== С использованием структур данных ruby ====+=== С использованием структур данных ruby ===
  
   * [[https://​github.com/​hashicorp/​vagrant/​issues/​9200|Vagrant is assigning the same MAC to two different VMs?]]   * [[https://​github.com/​hashicorp/​vagrant/​issues/​9200|Vagrant is assigning the same MAC to two different VMs?]]
Line 236: Line 356:
     {     {
         :name => "​node1",​         :name => "​node1",​
-        :ip => "​192.168.X.210",+        :ip => "​192.168.X.201",
         :​vbox_config => [         :​vbox_config => [
             { "​--cpus"​ => "​2"​ },             { "​--cpus"​ => "​2"​ },
Line 244: Line 364:
     {     {
         :name => "​node2",​         :name => "​node2",​
-        :ip => "​192.168.X.220",+        :ip => "​192.168.X.202",
         :​vbox_config => [         :​vbox_config => [
             { "​--cpus"​ => "​2"​ },             { "​--cpus"​ => "​2"​ },
Line 252: Line 372:
     {     {
         :name => "​node3",​         :name => "​node3",​
-        :ip => "​192.168.X.230",+        :ip => "​192.168.X.203",
         :​vbox_config => [         :​vbox_config => [
             { "​--cpus"​ => "​2"​ },             { "​--cpus"​ => "​2"​ },
Line 268: Line 388:
       config.vm.hostname = opts[:name]       config.vm.hostname = opts[:name]
  
-      ​config.vm.provider "​virtualbox"​ do | vb | +#      ​config.vm.provider "​virtualbox"​ do | vb | 
-        file_to_disk = opts[:name] + '​_2.vdi'​ +       ​file_to_disk = opts[:name] + '​_2.vdi'​ 
-        unless File.exist?​(file_to_disk) +       ​unless File.exist?​(file_to_disk) 
-          vb.customize ['​createhd',​ '​--filename',​ file_to_disk,​ '​--size', ​* 1024] +         ​vb.customize ['​createhd',​ '​--filename',​ file_to_disk,​ '​--size', ​* 1024] 
-        end +       end 
-        vb.customize ['​storageattach',​ :id, '​--storagectl',​ '​SATA ​Controller', '​--port',​ 2, '​--device',​ 0, '​--type',​ '​hdd',​ '​--medium',​ file_to_disk] +       ​vb.customize ['​storageattach',​ :id, '​--storagectl',​ '​SATA',​ '​--port',​ 2, '​--device',​ 0, '​--type',​ '​hdd',​ '​--medium',​ file_to_disk] 
-      end+     end
  
       opts[:​vbox_config].each do |hash|       opts[:​vbox_config].each do |hash|
Line 293: Line 413:
 </​code>​ </​code>​
  
-==== С использованием json ====+=== С использованием json ===
  
   * [[Формат JSON]]   * [[Формат JSON]]
Line 299: Line 419:
  
 <​code>​ <​code>​
-$ cat nodes.json+λ npp nodes.json ​&
 </​code><​code>​ </​code><​code>​
 [ [
     {     {
         "​name":​ "​node1",​         "​name":​ "​node1",​
-        "​ip":​ "​192.168.X.210",+        "​ip":​ "​192.168.X.201",
         "​vbox_config":​ [         "​vbox_config":​ [
             { "​--cpus":​ "​2"​ },             { "​--cpus":​ "​2"​ },
Line 312: Line 432:
     {     {
         "​name":​ "​node2",​         "​name":​ "​node2",​
-        "​ip":​ "​192.168.X.220",+        "​ip":​ "​192.168.X.202",
         "​vbox_config":​ [         "​vbox_config":​ [
             { "​--cpus":​ "​2"​ },             { "​--cpus":​ "​2"​ },
Line 320: Line 440:
     {     {
         "​name":​ "​node3",​         "​name":​ "​node3",​
-        "​ip":​ "​192.168.X.230",+        "​ip":​ "​192.168.X.203",
         "​vbox_config":​ [         "​vbox_config":​ [
             { "​--cpus":​ "​2"​ },             { "​--cpus":​ "​2"​ },
Line 342: Line 462:
       config.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: opts["​ip"​]       config.vm.network "​private_network",​ ip: opts["​ip"​]
       config.vm.hostname = opts["​name"​]       config.vm.hostname = opts["​name"​]
- 
-#      config.vm.provider "​virtualbox"​ do | vb | 
-#        file_to_disk = opts["​name"​] + '​_2.vdi'​ 
-#        unless File.exist?​(file_to_disk) 
-#          vb.customize ['​createhd',​ '​--filename',​ file_to_disk,​ '​--size',​ 4 * 1024] 
-#        end 
-#        vb.customize ['​storageattach',​ :id, '​--storagectl',​ 'SATA Controller',​ '​--port',​ 2, '​--device',​ 0, '​--type',​ '​hdd',​ '​--medium',​ file_to_disk] 
-#      end 
  
       opts["​vbox_config"​].each do |hash|       opts["​vbox_config"​].each do |hash|
Line 367: Line 479:
  
 end end
-</​code>​ 
-<​code>​ 
-λ vagrant up 
- 
-λ vagrant ssh node2 
- 
-λ vagrant destroy node3 
- 
-λ vagrant destroy -f 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-===== Дополнительные возможности ===== 
- 
- 
- 
-==== Использование синхронизируемых каталогов ==== 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-λ cat Vagrantfile 
-</​code><​code>​ 
-... 
-#  config.vm.synced_folder "​.",​ "/​vagrant",​ type: "​rsync",​ rsync__exclude:​ "​.git/"​ 
-... 
-</​code><​code>​ 
-λ npp SomeFile 
-... 
- 
-λ vagrant rsync 
- 
-λ vagrant ssh 
- 
-vagrant@node3:​~$ ls /vagrant/ 
-</​code><​code>​ 
-... 
-Vagrantfile 
-... 
-SomeFile 
-... 
 </​code>​ </​code>​
технология_vagrant.txt · Last modified: 2022/09/28 17:02 by val