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программирование_диалогов_expect

Программирование диалогов expect

Установка

server# apt install expect

Cisco CLI

Вариант использования с элементами конфигурации в коде скрипта

!!! Не обрабатывается ситуация первого подключения (подтверждения ключа)

server# ssh switchN

server# cat cisco_change_conf.exp
#!/usr/bin/expect

set sw [lindex $argv 0];

spawn ssh $sw
send "\n"
expect "sword:" { send "cisco\n" }

expect "#" { send "conf t\n" }
expect "#" { send "ip scp server enable\n" }
expect "#" { send "end\n" }

expect "#" { send "write\n" }
expect "#" { send "exit\n" }
send_user "\n"
exit 0
server# chmod +x cisco_change_conf.exp

server# ./cisco_change_conf.exp switchN

Вариант использования с элементами конфигурации в файле на tftp сервере

server# cat /srv/tftp/cisco_change_conf.txt
ip scp server enable
end
server# cat cisco_change_conf.exp
...
expect "#" { send "copy tftp://server/cisco_change_conf.txt runn\n" }
send "\n"
send "\n"
...

Asterisk AMI

# cat /usr/share/originate_ami.exp
#!/usr/bin/expect

set username "admin"
set secret "admin"
set host "127.0.0.1"
set port "5038"

set channel [lindex $argv 0];
set num [lindex $argv 1];
set name [lindex $argv 2];

send_user "Args: $channel $num $name\n"

spawn telnet $host $port

expect "Manager" {
        send "Action: Login\n"
        send "Username: $username\n"
        send "Secret: $secret\n\n"
}

expect "Response: Success" {
        send "Action: Originate\n"
        send "Channel: SIP/$channel\n"
        send "Context: default\n"
        send "Exten: $num\n"
        send "Callerid: $name<$num>\n"
        send "Priority: 1\n\n"
}

sleep 1

send "Action: Logoff\n\n"

exit 0
# /usr/share/originate_ami.exp 403 301 "Hello World"
программирование_диалогов_expect.txt · Последние изменения: 2020/04/22 10:26 — val