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сервис_prometheus

Сервис Prometheus

Установка в Debian 10

# apt install prometheus

# less /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml
...
global:
  scrape_interval:     15s
...

Проверка конфигурации и перезапуск

# promtool check config /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

# service prometheus restart

Подключение

Источники данных

prometheus-alertmanager

# apt install prometheus-alertmanager

# cat /etc/prometheus/alertmanager.yml
...
global:
  smtp_smarthost: 'localhost:25'
  smtp_from: 'prometheus@server.corpX.un'
  smtp_require_tls: false
#  smtp_auth_username: 'alertmanager'
#  smtp_auth_password: 'password'
...
  # A default receiver
  receiver: team-X-mails
...
receivers:
- name: 'team-X-mails'
  email_configs:
#  - to: 'student@corpX.un'
#  - to: 'userX@isp.un'
    send_resolved: true
...
# service prometheus-alertmanager restart

# cat /etc/prometheus/first_rules.yml
groups:
- name: alert.rules
  rules:
  - alert: InstanceDown
    expr: up == 0
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: "critical"
    annotations:
      summary: "Endpoint {{ $labels.instance }} down"
      description: "{{ $labels.instance }} of job {{ $labels.job }} has been down for more than 1 minutes."

  - alert: EndpointDown
    expr: probe_success == 0
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: "critical"
    annotations:
      summary: "Endpoint {{ $labels.instance }} down"

  - alert: CriticalTraffic
    expr: rate(if_in_octets{instance="router"}[1m])>125000
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: "critical"
    annotations:
      summary: "CriticalTraffic {{ $labels.instance }}"
# cat /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml
...
# Alertmanager configuration
alerting:
  alertmanagers:
  - static_configs:
    - targets: ['localhost:9093']

# Load rules once and periodically evaluate them according to the global 'evaluation_interval'.
rule_files:
  - "first_rules.yml"
  # - "second_rules.yml"

...
...
Checking /etc/prometheus/first_rules.yml
  SUCCESS: N rules found
...

Exporters

prometheus-node-exporter

Примеры счетчиков

node_filesystem_free_bytes
$ df /
...
/dev/mapper/debian--vg-root  15662008 1877488  12969212  13% /
...
# TYPE node_filesystem_free_bytes gauge
node_filesystem_free_bytes{device="/dev/mapper/debian--vg-root",fstype="ext4",mountpoint="/"} = (15662008 - 1877488) * 1024 
node_network_receive_bytes_total
$ cat /sys/class/net/eth1/statistics/rx_bytes

# TYPE node_network_receive_bytes_total counter
node_network_receive_bytes_total{device="eth1"}

Подключение к prometheus

# less /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml
...
  - job_name: node
    # If prometheus-node-exporter is installed, grab stats about the local
    # machine by default.
    static_configs:
      - targets: ['localhost:9100']

Запросы PromQL

8*rate(node_network_receive_bytes_total[1m])

8*rate(node_network_receive_bytes_total{device="eth1"}[1m])

8*rate(node_network_receive_bytes_total{device="eth1",instance="localhost:9100",job="node"}[1m])

prometheus-blackbox-exporter

Пример конфигурации

# cat /etc/prometheus/blackbox.yml
...
  http_2xx:
    prober: http
    http:
      preferred_ip_protocol: "ip4"
...
# service prometheus-blackbox-exporter restart

# cat /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml
...
  - job_name: check_http
    metrics_path: /probe
    params:
      module: [http_2xx]
    static_configs:
      - targets:
        - https://google.com
        - https://ya.ru
    relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        target_label: __param_target
      - source_labels: [__param_target]
        target_label: instance
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: localhost:9115

  - job_name: check_ssh
    metrics_path: /probe
    params:
      module: [ssh_banner]
    static_configs:
      - targets:
        - switch1:22
        - switch2:22
        - switch3:22
    relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        target_label: __param_target
      - source_labels: [__param_target]
        target_label: instance
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: localhost:9115
probe_success...

probe_duration_seconds...

probe_http_duration_seconds...

Пример использования file-based service discovery и сервиса ping

# cat /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml
...
  - job_name: check_ping
    metrics_path: /probe
    params:
      module: [icmp]
    file_sd_configs:
      - files:
#        - switchs.yml
#        - switchs.json
    relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        target_label: __param_target
      - source_labels: [__param_target]
        target_label: instance
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: localhost:9115
# cat /etc/prometheus/switchs.json
[
  {
    "targets": [ "switch1", "switch2", "switch3" ]
  }
]
# cat /etc/prometheus/switchs.yml
- targets:
  - switch1
  - switch2
  - switch3

prometheus-snmp-exporter

# apt install prometheus-snmp-exporter

# cat /etc/prometheus/snmp.yml
#if_mib:   # по умолчанию, позволяет не указывать module в http запросе
snmp_in_out_octets:
  version: 2
  auth:
    community: public
  walk:
  - 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10
  - 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.16
  - 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.2
  metrics:
  - name: if_in_octets
    oid: 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10
    type: counter
    indexes:
    - labelname: ifIndex
      type: Integer
    lookups:
    - labels:
      - ifIndex
      labelname: ifDescr
      oid: 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.2
      type: DisplayString
  - name: if_out_octets
    oid: 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.16
    type: counter
    indexes:
    - labelname: ifIndex
      type: Integer
    lookups:
    - labels:
      - ifIndex
      labelname: ifDescr
      oid: 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.2
      type: DisplayString
# service prometheus-snmp-exporter restart
# curl --noproxy 127.0.0.1 'http://127.0.0.1:9116/snmp?target=router&module=snmp_in_out_octets'
# cat /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml
...
  - job_name: 'snmp'
    static_configs:
      - targets:
        - router
    metrics_path: /snmp
    params:
      module: [snmp_in_out_octets]
    relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        target_label: __param_target
      - source_labels: [__param_target]
        target_label: instance
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: localhost:9116
rate(if_in_octets{ifDescr="FastEthernet1/1",ifIndex="3",instance="router",job="snmp"}[1m])

8*rate(if_in_octets{ifDescr="FastEthernet1/1",instance="router"}[1m])

prometheus-pushgateway

Установка и настройка

# apt install prometheus-pushgateway

# cat /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml
...
  - job_name: 'pushgateway'
    honor_labels: true
    static_configs:
    - targets: ['localhost:9091']

Пример prometheus pushgateway на bash

# cat ip_dhcp_binding.sh
#!/bin/sh

unset http_proxy
DHCP_SERVER=router
NET=192.168

COUNT=`rsh ${DHCP_SERVER} show ip dhcp binding | grep ${NET} | wc -l`

cat << EOF | curl --data-binary @- http://127.0.0.1:9091/metrics/job/cisco_dhcp/dhcp_server/${DHCP_SERVER}/net/${NET}
  ip_dhcp_binding ${COUNT}
EOF
ip_dhcp_binding{dhcp_server="router",job="cisco_dhcp",net="192.168"}
# crontab -l
* * * * * /root/ip_dhcp_binding.sh
сервис_prometheus.txt · Last modified: 2021/07/22 12:06 by admin